The Profitability Of Technical Trading Rules: A Combined Signal Approach

Camillo Lento, Nikola Gradojevic

Abstract


The focus of this paper is to determine the profitability of technical trading rules by evaluating their ability to outperform the naïve buy-and-hold trading strategy. Moving average cross-over rules, filter rules, Bollinger Bands, and trading range break-out rules are tested on the S&P/TSX 300 Index, the Dow Jones Industrial Average Index, NASDAQ Composite Index, and the Canada/U.S. spot exchange rate. After accounting for transaction costs, excess returns are generated by the moving average cross-over rules and trading range break-out rules for the S&P/TSX 300 Index, NASDAQ Composite Index and the Canada/U.S. spot exchange rate. Filter rules also earn excess returns when applied on the Canada/U.S. spot exchange rate. The bootstrap methodology is used to determine the statistical significance of the results. The profitability of the technical trading rules is further enhanced with a combined signal approach.


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